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Executive Orders

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The current situation at the southern border presents a border security and humanitarian crisis that threatens core national security interests and constitutes a national emergency.  The southern border is a major entry point for criminals, gang members, and illicit narcotics.  The problem of large-scale unlawful migration through the southern border is long-standing, and despite the executive branch’s exercise of existing statutory authorities, the situation has worsened in certain respects in recent years.  In particular, recent years have seen sharp increases in the number of family units entering and seeking entry to the United States and an inability to provide detention space for many of these aliens while their removal proceedings are pending.  If not detained, such aliens are often released into the country and are often difficult to remove from the United States because they fail to appear for hearings, do not comply with orders of removal, or are otherwise difficult to locate.  In response to the directive in my April 4, 2018, memorandum and subsequent requests for support by the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Department of Defense has provided support and resources to the Department of Homeland Security at the southern border.  Because of the gravity of the current emergency situation, it is necessary for the Armed Forces to provide additional support to address the crisis.

 

NOW, THEREFORE, I, DONALD J. TRUMP, by the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including sections 201 and 301 of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), hereby declare that a national emergency exists at the southern border of the United States, and that section 12302 of title 10, United States Code, is invoked and made available, according to its terms, to the Secretaries of the military departments concerned, subject to the direction of the Secretary of Defense in the case of the Secretaries of the Army, Navy, and Air Force.  To provide additional authority to the Department of Defense to support the Federal Government’s response to the emergency at the southern border, I hereby declare that this emergency requires use of the Armed Forces and, in accordance with section 301 of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1631), that the construction authority provided in section 2808 of title 10, United States Code, is invoked and made available, according to its terms, to the Secretary of Defense and, at the discretion of the Secretary of Defense, to the Secretaries of the military departments.  I hereby direct as follows:

 

Section 1.  The Secretary of Defense, or the Secretary of each relevant military department, as appropriate and consistent with applicable law, shall order as many units or members of the Ready Reserve to active duty as the Secretary concerned, in the Secretary’s discretion, determines to be appropriate to assist and support the activities of the Secretary of Homeland Security at the southern border.

 

Sec. 2.  The Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and, subject to the discretion of the Secretary of Defense, the Secretaries of the military departments, shall take all appropriate actions, consistent with applicable law, to use or support the use of the authorities herein invoked, including, if necessary, the transfer and acceptance of jurisdiction over border lands.

 

Sec. 3.  This proclamation is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.

 

DONALD J. TRUMP

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(a) By the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including section 301 of title 3, United States Code, section 604 of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended, and section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962, as amended, I hereby order as follows:

 

(b) The additional ad valorem rate of duty scheduled increase for the following imports from the People's Republic of China shall be suspended indefinitely:

 

https://ustr.gov/sites/default/files/enforcement/301Investigations/Tariff List-09.17.18.pdf

 

/s/ Donald J. Trump

President of the United States

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All payments of aid to the Republic of Honduras are suspended indefinitely.

 

/s/ Donald J. Trump

President of the United States

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All payments of aid to the Republic of Guatemala are suspended indefinitely.

 

/s/ Donald J. Trump

President of the United States

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Executive Order: Golan Heights

 

Findings

(1)On September 1, 1975, President Gerald Ford provided a diplomatic assurance to Israel that the U.S. will support the position that an overall settlement with Syria in the framework of a peace agreement must assure Israel’s security from attack from the Golan Heights [and] it will give great weight to Israel’s position that any peace agreement with Syria must be predicated on Israel remaining on the Golan Heights.

(2)In October 1991, Secretary of State James Baker provided a diplomatic assurance to Israel that the United States continues to stand behind the assurance given by President Ford to Prime Minister Rabin on September 1, 1975.

(3)Iran has used the war in Syria to establish a long-term military presence in the Levant, to attack Israel from across the Golan Heights, and to create territorial corridors that allow it to provide arms to its troops and terrorist proxies.

 

NOW, THEREFORE, I, DONALD J. TRUMP, President of the United States of America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim that, the United States recognizes that the Golan Heights are part of the State of Israel.

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(a) With the authority vested in me as the President of the United States, a disaster declaration is hereby officially declared in the State of Montana. 

 

(b) Federal funding shall be available for and directed to individuals, non-profit private organizations, and government agencies (both state and local) within the state specified in paragraph (a). 

 

(c) Assistance in subsection (b) will include grants for temporary housing and home repairs, low-cost loans to cover uninsured property losses, emergency work, hazard mitigation measures, and other programs to help individuals and business owners recover from the effects of the disaster.

 

/s/ Donald J. Trump

President of the United States

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