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Tyler Swanson

Food Aid Reform Act of 2013

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Mr. President,

 

The following resolution has passed in both houses of Congress, and is presented for your signature

 

/s/ John Boehner, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives

/s/ Harrison LeClavers, President Pro Tempore of the United States Senate

 

Quote

 

113th Congress

 

General Session

 

S.XX

 

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

 

Mr. GARIBALDI, for himself, Mr. CLAYBORNE, Mr. GRANT, Mrs. SMITH, and others, offers

 

A BILL

 

To amend Food for Peace Act to more efficiently allocate resources and feed millions more people internationally.

 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States in Congress assembled,

 

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

 

(a) This Act shall be referred to as the "Food Aid Reform Act of 2013".

 

SEC. 2. ELIMINATION OF U.S.-SOURCING MANDATE.

 

(a) The Food for Peace Act shall be amended to strike provisions requiring food aid provided under the Act to be sourced from the United States,

 

(b) Aid funding under the program shall be allocated to facilitate the purchase and distribution of the greatest quantity of food using the most economical combination of American-, regionally-, and locally-sourced food, as determined by the Office of Food for Peace,

 

(c) Aid funding under the program shall not be allocated to non-governmental organizations for the purpose of purchasing food in the United States, shipping it overseas, and selling it in local markets.

i. The Secretary of Agriculture may allow the above practice, hereafter 'monetisation', to continue on a limited scale. Distributors may apply for 'monetisation innovation' licences, allowing them to trial methods that monetise food aid in a way that long term promotes local agriculture and economies. Such licences shall expire, and shall be revoked, if found not to deliver the promised benefits

 

(d) The Secretary shall develop a pilot program to allow food aid distributors to propose methods of using food aid appropriations to make long-term investments in those farmers that are currently sustenance-only, and/or lack infrastructure to get goods to market. In accepting proposals for this pilot program, the Secretary shall consider both novel uses of monetisation and exemptions to the requirements in Section 2b. 

 

 

SEC. 3. ELIMINATION OF CARGO PREFERENCE MANDATE.

 

(a) The Food for Peace Act shall be amended to strike provisions requiring a certain percent of food aid provided under the program to be shipped on vessels flagged under the United States,

 

(b) Food aid under the program shall be transported in the manner determined to be the most economical and reliable, as determined by the Office of Food for Peace.

 

SEC. 4. FOOD AID SCIENCE CENTRE

 

(a) The Secretary shall establish a Food Aid Science Centre, to be charged with conducting and organising scientific research on issues related to food aid, with a focus on interdisciplinary research and a mandate to work with other agencies and non-US government research bodies, publicly releasing as much of its work as possible in order to inform other researchers on issues of food and nutrition. 

 

(b) The Food Aid Science Centre shall work on, but not limited to, the following projects: 

(i) Collecting data from all private and public partners of US food aid programs for the purpose of creating a publicly accessible database of Best Practices in food aid programs, including how to best achieve the statutory goals outlined in the Food for Peace program as well as other goals the Secretary deems relevant;
(ii) Conducting studies and collecting and distributing data on how to improve emergency response food aid; improve the nutritional value of food aid; best support local agricultural markets; and best accommodate special religious and nutritional dietary needs within food aid provision, as well as achieving other goals deemed appropriate;
(iii) Formulating new regulatory guidelines on how to better provide more nutritional food; evaluate cost effectiveness and nutritional effectiveness of different food options; and provide other recommended regulatory guidance and suggestions;
(iv) Investigating and responding to recommendations for reform by non-governmental organisations and governmental efficiency agencies such as the GAO;
(v) Providing recommendations to Congress, non-governmental organisations, and other domestic and foreign governmental agencies on how to best improve food aid practices, with the purpose of improving food aid methodologies and practices conducted not just by US government agencies and private donors, but food aid provided by other actors;

(vi) Conducting experiments, to be created with food aid in mind but released publicly in order to inform other sectors of the food and nutrition spheres, on food safety; nutritional quality; food transportation and storage; bioavailability and shelf life; environmental friendliness and sustainability; yield quality; best farming practices; and any other areas the Secretary deems relevant;
(vii) The development and improvement of food suited for food aid purposes, and technologies and methods for producing, storing, and distributing such foods, such as Fortified Blended Foods; and Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Foods;
(viii) Developing and implementing early warning systems for famines; and,
(ix) Conducting studies and experiments on Genetically Modified Organisms within the context of food aid and the developing world.

 

(c) The funds for this Centre shall come 50% from existing food aid budgets and 50% from existing Department of Agriculture research budgets.

 

SEC. 5. ADDITIONAL INVESTMENTS. 

 

Using existing food aid appropriations:

(a) $75 million shall be appropriated for an Emergency Food Assistance Contingency Fund, enabling the administration to provide emergency food assistance for unexpected and urgent food needs using whatever methods are deemed most effective.

(b) $250 million shall be shifted to the Community Development and Resilience Fund, addressing chronic food insecurity in areas of recurrent crises.

(c) $300 million shall be shifted to International Disaster Assistance for emergency food response.

 

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