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Holson

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  1. The Kirkwood Administration President of the United States: Samuel Kirkwood (1881 - 1881) Vice President of the United States: George F. Edmunds (1881- 1881) Secretary of State: James G. Blaine (1881- 1885) Secretary of the Treasury: Charles Folger (1881 - 1884)/Hugh McCulloch (1884-1885) Secretary of War: Robert T. Lincoln (1881 - 1885) Attorney General: Benjamin Brewster (1881 - 1885) Postmaster General: Franklin Hatton (1881-1885) Secretary of the Navy: William Chandler (1881-1885) Secretary of the Interior: Henry Teller (1881-1885) The Tragedy of Kirkwood The Presidency of this dark horse from the Plains never truly got off the ground. Tragically President Samuel Kirkwood would die only 9 months into his Presidency. It started with much fanfare and a push by Kirkwood for moderate Civil Service reform. While not nearly as far reaching as the reformists wanted it also upset the old guard, but the legislation was widely hailed in the press as an essential step towards clean government. Kirkwood, however, would not live to see it's passage. On July 2, 1881 the President and his wife departed for the Baltimore and Potomac Railway Station where the First Lady was to depart for Ohio for a visit with her family. Among the President's entourage was Secretary of War Lincoln and Postmaster General Hatton. Lurking was one Charles J. Guiteau, a mentally deranged man who believed that Kirkwood had done him wrong by not awarding him a government position. Guiteau came to this conclusion based on a brush off given to him by the President who did not know of Guiteau's relatively minor contribution towards his campaign in Illinois and was unwilling to make Guiteau Ambassador to France. Suffering from supreme egotism and likely mental illness Guiteau bought a handgun and waited for the perfect opportunity to right this wrong done against him. On July 2nd he stepped from the shadows just as President Kirkwood was helping his wife onto the train. "You have done me a great wrong sir," Guiteau bellowed, "And now Edmunds shall be President!". Guiteau was able to fire off two shots before he was wrestled to the ground by Lincoln and Hatton. One missed, but the other struck Kirkwood in the abdomen causing massive internal bleeding and an infection. The President would die on July 4th, 1881. The Edmunds Administration President of the United States: George F. Edmunds (1881 - 1885) Vice President of the United States: Vacant (1881-1885) Secretary of State: James G. Blaine (1881- 1885) Secretary of the Treasury: Charles Folger (1881 - 1884)/Hugh McCulloch (1884-1885) Secretary of War: Robert T. Lincoln (1881 - 1885) Attorney General: Benjamin Brewster (1881 - 1885) Postmaster General: Franklin Hatton (1881-1885) Secretary of the Navy: William Chandler (1881-1885) Secretary of the Interior: Henry Teller (1881-1885) Civil Service Reform Newly sworn in President George F. Edmunds quickly pushed for civil service reform after the passing of President Kirkwood. Edmunds argued that if the spoils system had been cleaned up earlier President Kirkwood certainly would have been among the living. This argument, though somewhat saccharine, played well with the public and the press. The Pendleton Civil Service Act would be passed quickly through the Republican House and Senate and signed by President Edmunds on New Year's Day, 1882. Longtime opponents of the legislation including Senator Roscoe Conkling were little able to slow the bill down or even make changes to weaken it. For the first time a majority of government employees would have to take exams showing skill sets to get jobs, rather than being politically well connected. Edmunds openly celebrated the passage of the legislation which won him plaudits in the press, but enemies within his party. Railroad Reform Edmunds knew that his political future lay with the reformist wing of his party. However, while he had worked in the Senate he had been on retainer for several railway companies. If Edmunds hoped to be renominated in 1884 he needed to absolve those sins. He began pushing for legislation to rein in the excesses of the railroad companies. He began pushing for the establishment of an Interstate Commerce Commission with powers to regulate railway fares and issue shipping guidelines. Edmunds was able to find some traction in the House eventually seeing passage in late 1883 the Senate effectively defanged the bill before passing the final bill in early 1884. Railroads offered special bonuses to Senators and Congressmen who voted against the bill and at least two companies notified the White House that the President would have to pay higher rates given the security needed to ensure his safe passage. Railroads realized that Edmunds was a threat and sought to push him aside. Edmunds signed the bill publicly applauding the first steps towards breaking up railroad monopolies, while privately seething at the political setbacks. He vowed to do more if he won a second term, because now it was personal. Anti-Polygamy Legislation President Edmunds was pleased in mid 1883 to sign the Anti-Polygamy Act of 1882. This legislation has been a particular hobby horse for the President when he was in the Senate. The legislation made polygamy a felony, building off of earlier anti-bigamy legislation passed in the 1860s. Governor of the Utah Territory Eli Murray applauded the legislation and used it to begin jailing political opponents and forced LDS President John Taylor into hiding. Protests occurred in Ogden, Salt Lake City and Provo but federal troops were quickly sent in to restore peace. Foreign Affairs America continued to mostly keep to itself in regards to foreign affairs. However, Secretary of States James G. Blaine became an enterprising Secretary and worked hard to build upon the success of his predecessor in Latin America. Blaine sought to open up Latin America to American goods and pushed through a series of trade reciprocity treaties between the United States and several Latin American nations including Brazil, Mexico, and Venezeula. America began to slowly, but surely expand her power throughout the region. 1882 MIDTERM ELECTIONS United States President: George F. Edmunds (R) Vice President: Vacant Senate Makeup: 41 Republicans (+2), 34 Democrats (-1), 1 Readjusters (+0), 0 Independent (-1) House Speaker: Joseph R. Hawley (R) House Makeup: 157 Republicans (+8), 121 Democrats (-8), 10 Greenbacks (-5), 5 Readjuster (+5) The midterm elections saw modest gains for the Republican Party. President Edmunds and Speaker Hawley were able to use Kirkwood's memory and the passage of the Civil Rights Act to eat into Democratic areas. Readjusters in Virginia were able to gain some seats mainly at the expense of the Democrats. Greenbacks also lost seats given some of the reforms that Edmunds had pushed to rein in railroads Major Legislation/Events 1881: Judicial Nomination-Horace Gray for Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States 1882: Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act-required government employees pass competitive examinations for federal jobs 1882: Judicial Nomination-John T. Nixon for Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States 1883: Anti-Polygamy Act - Made polygamy a federal felony 1884: Interstate Commerce Act-Required that railroads provide federal commission with reasoning behind rate changes. Requires that railroads set rates for entire calendar year subjust to approval by the Interstate Commerce Commission. 1884 Election President Edmunds was widely seen as the likely Republican nominee when the Republicans met in Chicago in the summer of 1884. Edmunds convention campaign was run by New York state legislator Theodore Roosevelt and Massachusetts Congressman Henry Cabot Lodge. It was the first convention in national history to be chaired by an African American when former Congressman John R. Lynch was elected the permanent Chair. Edmunds was able to sail through on the first ballot. However, the Vice Presidential spot became the prize sought by both the Reformist and Old Guard wings of the party. The Reformists initially settled upon pushing for Secretary of State James G. Blaine. The Old Guard settled on Senator Conkling's protege Chester A. Arthur. The convention deadlocked on the first two ballots. Secretary of War Lincoln was approached as a compromise candidate, but turned it down citing the bad luck of his presence near presidents. Eventually Illinois Senator John A. Logan was nominated and won on the fourth ballot. The Democratic Party had a plethora candidates run. 1880 Presidential nominee Joel Parker threw his name into contention as did 1880 Vice Presidential nominee Samuel Randall. Joining them was General Winfield Scott Hancock and New York Governor Grover Cleveland. The convention deadlocked after 16 ballots with no candidate giving ground nor gaining any either. Former Vice President Thomas Hendricks made known that he would be willing to put his name forward. As the only Democratic candidate to have won nationwide since before the Civil War the convention flocked to the Hendricks banner. Grover Cleveland was nominated as Vice President. The 1884 election itself was not close. Edmunds was able to build a reformist coalition that incorporated urban reformers with the Western Grange movement. Hendricks attempted to campaign on many of the successes of the Tilden Administration, but Edmunds success at going further undercut Hendricks. In addition, the Civil Service Reform legislation had reduced the ability for the parties to collect much needed funds. Because the Republicans were in the majorities businesses were more than willing to donate to their cause. Democrats, however, were left at a financial disadvantage. In the end Edmunds won a term in his own right as President winning both of his opponents home states while padding his Congressional majorities. Electoral College Map President George F. Edmunds, R-VT/Senator John A. Logan, R-IL 248 electoral votes, 40.5% of the popular vote Former Vice President Thomas Hendricks, D-IN/Governor Grover Cleveland, D-NY, 153 electoral votes, 48.6% of the popular vote Senate Makeup: 42 Republicans (+1), 33 Democrats (-1), 3 Readjusters (+2), House Speaker: Thomas Reed (R) House Makeup: 161 Republicans (+4), 119 Democrats (-2), 8 Greenbacks (-2), 5 Readjuster (+0)
  2. All official fundraisers shall be published here.
  3. AYE: NAY: PRESENT: COSPONSOR: SPONSOR:
  4. Official Press Office of Congressman Michael Contillo Congressman Contillo
  5. Character Name: Michael Cotillo Political Party: Republican Faction: Rockefeller Seat Held: New York 14th Date of Birth: August 23rd, 1947 Place of Birth: New York, New York Place of Residence: New York, New York Race/Ethnicity: Italian American Gender: Male Religious Affiliation: Roman Catholic Family Information: Wife: Mary Cotillo (nee Valente) (b. 1940) (m. 1972) Children: John (b. 1973), Andrea (b. 1974), Frank (b. 1976) Educational History: State University of New York (1965-1969) (B.A. in History) Columbia Law School (1973-1976) Occupational History: U.S. Army 1969-1972 Pergussi, Hale, and Sprouth Law Firm (1976-1980) New York City Council (1980-1983) Congressman for New York's 14th Congressional District (1983-Present)
  6. Holson

    Robert Lawson (D-NE 2nd)

    Yeah super not interested any more. Sign me out please
  7. Mr. Speaker, I second the motion. I yield
  8. Representative Lawson, for himself, Mr. Blackstone, Mr. Clay, Mr. King, Mr. Wolfe and Mr. Roberts, submits the following A RESOLUTION To censure Representative Jacky Williams Section 1: Short Title: A. This resolution shall be referred to as the “Censure of Representative Williams” Section 2: Findings A. That Congresswoman Jacky Williams convened a House Select Committee with neither a proper motion nor following proper parliamentary procedure. She also blatantly ruled proper motions out of order, convened hearings without proper authority, and issued potentially illegal subpoenas. She also maliciously maligned and sullied the good character of her fellow Representatives including Augustus King, Reginald King, and Ted O’Brien. B. Per House rules, all motions must be debated and voted upon, all proper motions must be recognized by the Chair, and subpoenas must fit the three guidelines outlined by the Supreme Court. C. None of these actions are becoming of a United States Representative , the United States House of Representatives, or the United States of America. Section 3: Censure A. Be it resolved, Representative Jacky Williamsare hereby censured by the United States House of Representatives. B. Nothing in this censure shall be construed as an act of judicial punishment, nor shall it absolve them of any legal liability for their actions.
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