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  1. Washington Post Election Coverage 1988 ISSUE #10 FRONT PAGE  Post-Convention Bump for White, Close Races in Over a Dozen States NATIONAL PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION Kaine - 45% White - 43% CALIFORNIA PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION Kaine - 44% White - 43% COLORADO PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION White - 43% Kaine - 43% FLORIDA PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION Kaine - 44% White - 40% ILLINOIS PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION Kaine - 45% White - 41% MARYLAND PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION White - 42% Kaine - 39% MICHIGAN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION White - 43% Kaine - 39% MISSOURI PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION Kaine - 44% White - 38% NEW HAMPSHIRE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION White - 44% Kaine - 41% NEW JERSEY PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION White - 45% Kaine - 4o% NEW MEXICO PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION Kaine - 44% White - 39% OREGON PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION White - 42% Kaine - 40% PENNSYLVANIA PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION White - 45% Kaine - 41% TEXAS PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION Kaine - 45% White - 40% WASHINGTON PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION White - 43% Kaine - 39% WISCONSIN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION White - 43% Kaine - 41% WEST VIRGINIA PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION White - 46% Kaine - 42% States within eight points w/ Kaine lead: Delaware, Indiana States within eight points w/ White lead: Minnesota (Los Angeles) - Polling before the conventions showed Kaine with a 4 point national lead over White and that lead has shrunk to just two points, however White's needle didn't seem to move as much as some would have liked due to Kaine stretching his appeal to outside of the base he created during the Republican primary. The first things to note are the primary states which remain very close after the conventions; California, Florida, New Jersey, among others are within the margin of error range. While others are outside the margin of error, they remain very close as well, showing only slight leads one way or the other. Kaine does maintain leads in states such as his home state of Illinois, Texas, Missouri, and White's home state -- Florida. Kaine opened his appeal during the convention, outside of that of which he has attained in evangelical circles and among rural voters. Overall sixteen states have been classified as 'undecided', whereas states such as West Virginia, Indiana, Minnesota, Delaware, Ohio, Montana, Georgia remain 'lean' one way or the other. Kaine currently holds 194 'lean' or 'solid' delegates whereas White holds 83 'lean' or 'solid' delegates. Picking up California and Texas alone in this map provides Congressman Anderson Kaine the win with 270 delegates. This puts the onus on White to carefully craft a strategy which provides him the 270 electoral votes necessary to win and prevent Kaine from doing so. There are still a lot of undecided voters in this race. White can do more to appeal to undecided voters who aren't sure where he stands on key issues such as the war on drugs, the diplomatic battles of the Cold War, and his stance on key social issues. Kaine will need to broaden his appeal beyond his current base, beyond more rural voters, and look at places like his home state where Chicago will be essential to winning. We've seen him do this already where he's been semi-successful in union appeals, especially in states where he courted Republican union members. It will largely be up to the candidates over the next few days to decide which states they want to make priority as the field is so wide open. Each campaign should be mindful that should one of these key states be ignored or neglected for too long, they can easily pull away into their opponents column. It is clear that, despite White's convention bump, Kaine still maintains the advantage. Both in the national vote and starting position, Kaine starts this race with the upper hand. White, however, begins with an advantage of a broader appeal than Kaine has and the potential ability to build a stronger and more broad coalition of states to get to 270 electoral votes.
  2. Washington Post Election Coverage 1988 ISSUE #9 FRONT PAGE  House Majority Leader Jackson Clay pictured on Tonight Show with Johnny Carson (NBC) Jackson Clay Chosen as White's Running Mate (Indianpolis) - In a move that surprised analysts, presumptive Democratic Presidential nominee John White chose House Majority Leader Jackson Clay as his running mate in the 1988 election. The selection comes just a short week after John White was named presumptive nominee, even after losing California and various other states to Congressman Seymour Douglas, with the help of delegates from both Congressman Ari Goodman and House Majority Whip Thomas Blackstone. Various analysts predicted that Blackstone or Goodman were likely in consideration for the role of second on the ticket, however those rumors were quickly stamped out when White introduced Clay as his choice for Veep. The choice surprised many analysts due to Clay being one of the first to endorse in the Democratic primary, and he endorsed White's opponent, Douglas Seymour. In his endorsement of Seymour, Clay said he was "the right guy at the right time' and said his opponents 'were taking liberal stances on social issues." In the introduction of Clay, neither White nor Clay himself opted to address this. Instead, White focused on Clay's leadership on the economy and his experience growing up in the midwest. "Representative Clay understands the concerns of communities, just like Dayton, and all across our nation," White emphasized in his statement. The choice of Clay is certainly a contrast to White, who is from Florida. From Indiana, Clay has been proactive as House Majority Leader, being a prime proponent of the 'Real Right to Work Act' and he avidly supported Seymour for his positions on social issues, such as the Defense of Marriage Act. This is where Clay and White likely differ and likely part of the reason White chose Clay. "Seymour is from Indiana, he can relate to midwestern voters, he can relate better to white voters that White is unable to relate to," Democratic pollster Anna Fitzpatrick said, "this was a smart choice to shore up Seymour supporters." Indeed, Clay was a fixture on the campaign for Seymour already, providing him a bit of name recognition. But it will likely be necessary for the House Majority Leader to explain why he now thinks White is the right guy at the right time. Larry Jones, a former Thomas Blackstone campaign aide, called the choice "strange, considering the barrage of folks who supported White originally." On the other hand, Jones admitted Clay "could potentially appeal to voters White otherwise wouldn't be able to." Blackstone, who is directly under Clay in House leadership, was reportedly seen as too close to White in ideology to seriously be considered for the position despite being one of the prime reasons White will go into the convention as the presumptive Democratic nominee. 1988 Democratic Convention Analysis, A Column Brian O'Rourke is an opinion columnist, former Michigan Democratic Party Chairman, and former DCCC member. Day One Packaged Analysis The Democratic National Convention kicked off day one from the Civic Arena in Pittsburgh with Chairman of the Convention, Andrew Landingham, an upcoming Congressman from Ohio tasked with being the first to greet the cameras. Laningham laid out a speech which hit on themes of an 'us vs. them' mentality. Landingham noted that the Reagan administration was beholden to special interests, claiming the American people had been left behind by the President and Republicans. The speech did well to hit on some essential themes that would end up being echoed throughout the night. But it did paint quite a bleak picture. The economy has certainly been adversely effected by Black Monday and proceeding events and that could've been talked about a little more in-depth for context. But, Democrats do generally agree with the failures of Reagan when it comes to backing up the working class -- specifically unionized workers -- so the speech was effective for the crowd it was in front of. Maybe not so much for some undecided independent voters siting and watching at home. We shifted gears to Jesse Jackson delivering a speech endorsing John White. A wise choice by Democrats to have Jackson's representation at the convention. House Majority Whip Thomas Blackstone delivered a speech on education. Blackstone made it clear the approach to education would be different under a White administration, attacking the President for 'dismantling education funding.' From what I'm seeing so far, we've heard more about the failures of President Reagan than we've seen true contrasts between White and Kaine, which would undoubtedly be a more effective strategy. The speech was fine, nonetheless, and did provide some policies -- expansion of pell grants, head start programs -- but the speech generally seemed more focused on contrasting White with a popular outgoing President rather than his opponent in the general election. Senator Ted Kennedy delivered a spectacular speech on healthcare. The Senator's presence was yet another member of what one might consider the 'liberal' wing of the Democratic Party. We turned our attention to Congressman Ari Goodman, the first individual to drop out of the Presidential race and one of John White's first endorsements. Goodman once again put focus on the economy and working-class families. Goodman touched on the relevant 'Real Right to Work Act', which has become increasingly more well-known after Democrats have used it as a talking point against Anderson Kaine. Goodman also finally mentioned Kaine himself, with the words 'Anderson Kaine ain't your friend!' Goodman's attacks resonated, especially noting Kaine's apparent vote against the Department of Veteran Affairs. Overall, Goodman's speech seemed to serve the purpose of contrasting Kaine and White's policy ideas when it comes to various issues (farmers, veterans, empathy) and it was an effective speech in that regard -- more effective than any proceeding it so far tonight. At the end of the night, Congresswoman Elizabeth Callaghan delivered the keynote address of the convention. Callaghan opened her speech with more attacks on the Reagan administration and did provide some specific examples of failures which got the crowd fired up. She contrasted this directly with Kaine, who she said would continue the tax policies of Regan and hit once again on the theme that Reagan was beholden to special interests. Callaghan did something that was much needed and that was provide a positive outlook based on Democratic policies. While Democrats in Congress are trying to emphasize their accomplishments, it is hard to balance that by saying the working class has been completely left behind and nothing has been done. Callaghan accomplished that. This was a good keynote address overall but the entire night was quite negative. Goodman's attacks might've been better to let stew and Callaghan just sticking to the positive outlook and laying out the White/Clay ticket would've been a better strategy. Night One Summary Overall Grade: 7/10 Speech of the night: Ari Goodman Line of the night: "Anderson Kaine ain't your friend!" - Ari Goodman Day Two Packaged Analysis Day two of the Democratic National Convention kicked off with the vote confirming Congressman Jackson Clay as the Vice Presidential nominee. The choice of Clay is interesting, as we noted in our most recent profile on the pick. Congressman Judson Maddox, also candidate for the Mississippi Senate Election which he was quick to mention, gave the first speech of day two. Maddox delivered a speech touching on the state of affairs for veterans in America, calling it a 'travesty.' This speech was a good start to day two as it laid out a specific achievement of the Democratic Congress and essentially attempted to give that victory to John White by declaring he would continue that kind of policy attention for American veterans. Another Senate candidate delivered a speech after Maddox, Congressman Mickey Kaline. The Congressman gave a speech which received mixed reviews. On the one hand, most agreed the first part of his speech was 'brilliantly written.' But the speech left what seemed to be an optimistic turn and instead attacked President Reagan for Iran-Contra, failure to respond to South African apartheid, and more. As one person noted, 'the structure of the speech seemed to set up an optimistic vision but it turned into an attack ad.' The message of positivity toward John White was lost in the shuffle, as many focused on the continuing negativity from day one -- specifically against the Reagan administration and Republicans in general, rather than trying to define Anderson Kaine. Senator Sam Nunn gave a speech providing John White credibility on foreign policy issues, especially the most prevalent one, the Soviet Union. A speech specifically addressing this issue was certainly needed tonight. Following the speech of Nunn, Speaker of the House Al Baudin delivered a speech which opened with attacks on President Reagan. At this point, strategists were shaking their heads. It does fire up Democrats to attack the President, it does fire up party activists, but doing it for two days straight on every single issue is both repetitive and doesn't serve well in doing anything to define Anderson Kaine, a tactic that would at least make sense for going so negative. If the entire idea is to say Kaine is just like Reagan, Democrats are going to want to find a new message. The policies Baudin spoke about later in his speech did receive some acclaim, but the overall structure of the speech -- Reagan is bad, here is why John White is better -- has been a constant so far throughout the convention. You'd think, after being defeated in the last two elections, Democrats would be eager for a new fight. Apparently not. Critics said Baudin could've been utilized much more effectively. At the end of the night, Congressman Jackson Clay delivered his acceptance speech for the nomination of Vice President. Clay opened his speech by saying he was prepared to 'clean up the mess' left by President Ronald Reagan along with John White. Clay went on to attack Reagan more, saying he'd failed and wasted Democrats' efforts in Congress, noting the selection of Kaine and Saroyan would only continue that kind of governance. One thing which was effective was go into further detail on how exactly John White would handle the Cold War. Seeming well versed in the issue, this was perhaps the highlight of Clay's speech, noting specific policies White would invoke in order to end the Cold War. The attacks on Kaine were also good, however yet again, contrasting him to Reagan needs to be done better. Clay attacked Kaine specifically on his economic policies, but overall, the attacks just weren't constructed as well as previous ones -- specifically, those lined up by Goodman and Callaghan the day prior. The speech was good overall and Seymour supporters especially are happy to see Clay on the ticket. Night Two Summary Overall Grade: 6.5/10 Speech of the night: Jackson Clay Line of the night: "Anderson Kaine will put his finger up, find out which way the wind blows, and then tell you what you want to hear." - Jackson Clay Day Three Packaged Analysis Day three opens and we see the vote of White as the Democratic nominee for President. Seymour delivered the final call for White to be nominated unanimously, and it was so ordered. A good visual for unity. The first speaker of day one was Montana Senate candidate, Congressman Benjamin Clay, cousin of Vice Presidential nominee Jackson Clay. Clay laid out an argument for himself and John White on the issue of relating to values held by the Democratic Party. The speech devolved into a discussion of economics and tax cuts, however, with Clay noting that Reagan gave his wealthy donors big tax breaks among other things. The positive of this is that Clay has reemphasized certain policies (Pell Grant extensions, tax relief for the middle class, etc.) that were indeed mentioned in previous speeches. The speech -- and day three, really -- could've done without opening with more negative contrasts to Republicans and President Reagan. An uplifting speech emphasizing the true values of the Democratic Party, whether it be reaffirming the fight against civil rights, reproductive rights, or the Equal Rights Amendment -- these are all things which have been missing besides maybe Jesse Jackson. This was prime real estate for these issues to be touched upon when mentioning 'Democratic Party values' and what the 'New Path Forward' would encompass. California State Controller Richard Bauer gave the next speech. The message on Social Security was good here. Despite continuing the attacks from the previous night, it hit some right notes. Noting that the GOP was advocating for the protection of Social Security, noting that they'd previously used it as a ploy to say that government spending must be cut. The speech was rather short but it did provide an effective message to older voters, especially those who rely on social security, which does include independent voters. This is one of the best speeches I saw which might serve to move the needle of undecided voters watching the conventions at home, making their choice. Following that, we saw Evan Bayh -- gubernatorial candidate in Indiana -- on the stage. Bayh spoke to rural America, a man well suited for the job. This was a good choice to feature Bayh. To introduce the Democratic Presidential nominee, Congressman Douglas Seymour was chosen for the role. I believe the choice of Seymour was excellent, if not completely necessary. The Seymour supporters in the crowd came out strong and made their voices heard, applauding him for several minutes. There was some notable upset volunteers in the South Carolina delegation, moved by the sight of Seymour addressing the convention. The speech was by far the best delivered in terms of accomplishing something for the White/Clay ticket. Seymour praised White throughout his speech as an exceptional leader and also effectively laid out the message of a 'New Path Forward', a callback to Seymour's 'New Promise' on the campaign trail. This speech was certainly needed after three days of prolonged attacks on the Reagan administration as it was clearly designed to cement Seymour's support of White for the Presidency. Finally, to cap off the convention, Congressman John White delivered his acceptance speech to the Democratic National Convention in Pittsburgh. White's speech, definitely fittingly, did best to define what 'A New Path Forward' meant for the country under his potential administration. White painted the Reagan administration as one that divided America into subsections of rich and poor. White further noted that the Republican Party had promoted the rich and done their bidding and he would shift focus to working class America as President. White laid out mandatory paid medical leave, including maternity leave, as part of his plan to help families. White further promised to continue fighting for unions, promising to fight outsourcing. White connected well with unionized workers in his speech and did well throughout the primary in midwestern states and this speech touched on that. White's overall theme -- 'rejecting rejection', 'standing together', 'moving forward as one' -- really did well in summing up the message of unity that Seymour had laid down for him in his introduction speech. Whether this was intentional or not, it was well capitalized on, and certainly made this the best convention night. Night One Summary Overall Grade: 8/10 Speech of the night: John White Line of the night: "Tonight, we not only reject trickle-down economics, but we reject the continued politics of hate, fear and separation and turn towards unity, hope and change." - John White Summary Analysis PROS: Ari Goodman laid out an effective attack on Kaine on day one. Callaghan followed up with another good blue-print on what defining Kaine might look like in the general election. Clay acceptance speech was most effective on foreign policy in the convention. Bauer speech connected with older voters. Seymour's speech was perhaps one of the best out of the convention for White. CONS: Far too negative during all three days. Goodman's attacks were most effective but they would've been more effective if the attacks weren't so incessant. Far too much focus on Reagan legacy. Iran-Contra was mentioned several times, despite Democrats being seen to have botched the Congressional investigation. White speech could've done more to attract undecided independents. 1988 Republican Convention Analysis, A Column Lindsay Jalinksi is an opinion columnist, former pollster, and former George H.W. Bush aide. Day One Packaged Analysis The Republican National Convention came live from the jam-packed Superdome in New Orleans, Louisiana. The convention began with a short prayer, and while standard, it was fitting for their nominee -- a Reverend. The theme of the night is 'Building the American Economy.' The first speaker of the RNC Convention was Mississippi Commissioner of Agriculture and Commerce Michael J. Anderson, also the Senate candidate in the state of Mississippi. We immediately see Anderson bring up the Carter legacy in his speech, warning Democrats want to bring back that legacy. Anderson didn't mention any of the recent news on the economy, instead focusing on strong economic indicators across the past eight years. The speech felt a tad vapid in terms of possible attacks on the Democrats. It really didn't do much to sell the case for Anderson Kaine, either. We see a video dedicated to the Reagan legacy on farms. This is to emphasize Kaine's relationship with farmers and those who work on family farms across the United States. Rural voters have been a key demographic his campaign has targeted, so this is no surprise. President Ronald Reagan gave a speech on what he did to improve the economy and strongly endorsed Kaine's capability. We see another video, this time one dedicated to Republicans achievements for the middle-class. The video was fine and did well to remind everyone of what the theme of the night was. The night was closed out with House Minority Leader Kyle Fitzgerald delivering the keynote address. Interesting that Fitzgerald is closing the night with the keynote address on the economy, due to Kaine and Fitzgerald's big disagreement on trade policy that was a huge part of the primary. No surprise, Fitzgerald did not mention those policies. Instead, he focused his speech on tax cuts. Fitzgerald spent a large chunk of his speech rehashing the accomplishments of Ronald Reagan in cutting American's taxes and then said that Anderson Kaine would continue by cutting those taxes even further. The speech, frankly, was uninspired. Especially for a keynote address. It was lacking a certain advocacy for Kaine's nomination that many would've hoped from Fitzgerald, such as what Seymour accomplished for White. Night One Summary Overall Grade: 5.5/10 Speech of the night: Kyle Fitzgerald Line of the night: "I’m supporting Anderson Kaine because he will continue the pro-growth, tax-cutting policies that I have passionately advocated for during the Reagan Administration." - Kyle Fitzgerald Day Two Packaged Analysis Day two begins with RNC Chairman Ralph Barrett delivering a speech laying out Kaine's plan to challenge the Soviet Union. This speech was good as it did lay out some specific things Kaine has promised to do as President to end the Cold War. Barrett laid out the accomplishments of Reagan but didn't end there, going on to specify what Kaine would do as President to continue that legacy. This is more effective now on foreign policy than it was in day two on the economy. The speech was fine overall, perhaps the best so far in the convention. California Senate candidate and Congressman Jack Swanner then shifted to illegal immigration. The short speech warned of a possible 'new wave' of illegal immigrants taking advantage of a possible desire for amnesty, similar to what was provided by President Ronald Reagan, calling it 'Reagan's Amnesty.' The verbiage was interesting. The speech was short and to the point, trying to make Kaine look tough on immigration. Vice President George H. W. Bush delivered an effective speech on foreign policy and personal experience with Saroyan, introducing the Vice Presidential nominee. The Republican Vice Presidential nominee, Congressman Abe Saroyan, then took the stage to deliver his acceptance speech. The speech was topical and Saroyan did a good job of reintroducing himself to the American people. Saroyan focused early on where he is seen as strongest, which is foreign policy. Saroyan gave perhaps the most in-depth and relevant foreign policy speech out of any of the conventions, going in depth on China and the Soviet Union. This was a good speech and it especially highlights the true contrast between Saroyan and Kaine. Saroyan can be trusted to target a different type of Republican than Kaine can. When compared to Clay's speech, Saroyan was much more focused on introducing and defining Kaine rather than trying to define White or provide any focus on the Democrats. The strategies are sharply different and that has been showcased throughout the convention but was especially seen with this speech. Night One Summary Overall Grade: 7/10 Speech of the night: Abe Saroyan Line of the night: "Commander-in-Chief, Head of State, the most Powerful Man in the Free World, however you want to phrase the position of our Chief Executive, to me there is no man more ready for the grand responsibilities than my friend, partner, and running mate Anderson Kaine." - Abe Saroyan Day Three Packaged Analysis Day three begins with yet another Senate candidate, Congressman Christopher Reed. The theme of the night is 'America's Values.' Reed criticized a 'secular agenda' which puts America's heritage at risk. The mention of pro-life, Christian values was something Democrats lacked completely. Not those specific policies, but addressing the true 'values' of the party and social issues in general. Reed tackled them head on to set up the theme for the night. Chairwoman and CEO of Eagle Forum Phyllis Shlafly then delivered a speech on traditional values, emphasizing DOMA as part of that. Following that, we saw Congressman Hector Lorraine-Montbatten deliver quite a long winded speech which shifted from topic to topic. Montbatten speech was tantamount to a Reverend's sermon in Church on the importance of one's family. The speech at least related to evangelicals strongly, but that isn't exactly something Kaine needs tremendous help with. Overall the speech was received as quite long and drawn out with lots of superlatives. There's a transition to a video which lists the various values of the Republican Party and Anderson Kaine with representations of real people. A good video. Governor Jim Thompson of Illinois rails against corruption and emphasizes the strong ethics record of Kaine in his speech. The man who helped put Kaine in the position as the presumptive nominee, Congressman Michael Marshall, introduced his former opponent to the convention which put him in a similar position to Congressman Douglas Seymour on the Democratic side. For an introduction speech, Marshall mainly focused on the issue of abortion and how Kaine will combat things such as late-term abortion. This speech could've really been standard fare of the night. It seems, if anything, the speech unified evangelicals further behind Anderson Kaine. But that's about it. This spot would've been better reserved for Kyle Fitzgerald, although even the Marshall speech wasn't especially worthy of keynote consideration. It was Congressman Anderson Kaine, sporting a new haircut, who then delivered his speech accepting the nomination for President at the Republican National Convention in New Orleans. Kaine introduced himself to America and brought forward his vision of bringing back America's 'moral greatness.' Kaine's speech throughout had significant religious undertones. In his speech, Kaine essentially promised to appoint pro-life judges as President. While some predicted Kaine would try and moderate in this speech and recenter himself as more center-right, he has doubled-down on his primary campaigning for the general election and rehashed abortion and the Judges issue for the third time of the night Kaine really didn't expand his appeal much in his convention speech beyond the base he has already created in the Republican primary contests. But he did do well in rallying his base of Republicans, rallying his evangelical supporters, and vowing to continue the economic legacy of Reagan. He didn't do well to reassure former Fitzgerald supporters or those who might be undecided on him, leaning -- or perhaps even depending -- on his running mate to do that job. Night One Summary Overall Grade: 7/10 Speech of the night: Anderson Kaine Line of the night: "My campaign promise is simple: we can do more, and as your President I will." - Anderson Kaine Summary Analysis PROS: Republicans came off better on foreign policy, specifically in response to the recent news from China -- largely thanks to Saroyan. The strong mention of Republican values and what encompasses those values has given leg up to the GOP on this issue as it looks like Dems are trying to ignore them entirely. Saroyan speech did well to provide a basis around the candidacy of Kaine on Cold War strategy. Kaine speech was certainly a successful rallying cry for religious Republicans and independents to unite behind his candidacy and turn out to vote for him. CONS: Quality of speeches were lacking, specifically the key-note address. There seemed to be a dry delivery of policy. Day One was not a good introduction to the convention, some shifting might've been preferable there. Kaine had done well with evangelicals. Perhaps Catholics could also resonate with his acceptance speech, but not enough time was spent on connecting to more white upperclass suburbanites who might have voted for Seymour and might not be comfortable with White. That wasn't really taken into account, it seems.
  3. It has been about a month or so since I became Chief Administrator again. I think it is important the AB periodically check in for some feedback as well as to address any concerns, answer any questions, and hear new ideas. Before we set off for the next two weeks and focus on the elections and then take a little break for Christmas, I'd like to know your thoughts on what we can do to improve the game during the upcoming general election so we are ready for when it ends. Please post below to elaborate as well as voting in the poll!
  4. Ollie

    Winston Harvey (D-NC)

    Welcome to the game! Let me know if you have any questions and consider joining our group chat on Telegram if you haven't already; https://t.me/joinchat/DgYMDFHPwcq3dTfxPWE-Qw
  5. Ollie

    Kaine Press Conference on RRTWA

    Sean Taylor, CBS News Congressman, you said the bill was 'a misguided attempt to do the right thing.' What is the right way to achieve the goals of the 'Real Right to Work Act'?
  6. Ollie

    Hector Aloyisius Lorraine-Montbatten

    Approved, welcome back!
  7. Washington Post Election Coverage 1988 ISSUE #8 FRONT PAGE  White and Seymour pictured at Democratic Congressional event together (Associated Press) WHITE PRESUMPTIVE NOMINEE WITH HELP OF BLACKSTONE, GOODMAN ARIZONA DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY RESULTS (43 Delegates) SEYMOUR – 54.4% (24 delegates) ✓ WHITE – 44.7% (19 delegates) CALIFORNIA DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY RESULTS (314 Delegates) SEYMOUR – 51.4%. (164 delegates) ✓ WHITE – 48.0% (150 delegates) DELAWARE DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY RESULTS (15 Delegates) WHITE – 56.3% (9 delegates) ✓ Seymour – 42.5% (6 delegates) NEW JERSEY DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY RESULTS (109 Delegates) WHITE – 55.9% (62 delegates) ✓ SEYMOUR – 43.2% (47 delegates) NORTH DAKOTA DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY RESULTS (22 Delegates) SEYMOUR – 59.5% (14 delegates) ✓ WHITE – 38.6% (8 delegates) OHIO DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY RESULTS (167 Delegates) WHITE – 50.9% (87 delegates) ✓ SEYMOUR – 48.5% (80 delegates) PENNSYLVANIA DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY RESULTS (176 Delegates) WHITE – 53.6% (95 delegates) ✓ SEYMOUR – 46.2% (81 delegates) UTAH DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY RESULTS (23 Delegates) SEYMOUR – 61.8% (15 delegates) ✓ WHITE – 37.1% (8 delegates) WISCONSIN DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY RESULTS (91 Delegates) WHITE – 51.4% (49 delegates) ✓ SEYMOUR – 47.9% (42 delegates) TOTALS AFTER LATE PRIMARIES Seymour – 1731 Delegates White – 1699 Delegates* *White delegates DO NOT yet count Goodman/Blackstone delegates (Los Angeles) - The final primaries for the Democrats was an exciting night, where anything could've happened. At the end of the night, it became clear that -- with the likelihood of Goodman and Blackstone delegates voting for White -- that he would become the presumptive nominee. The Seymour campaign came away with the victory in one of the most contested races in the primary, California, with a margin larger than many expected. This was due to the White campaign running an advertisement that simply wasn't as effective in California as it was in other areas of the country. On top of that, the Seymour campaign spent an extensive amount of time in the state of California and drove his message of a 'new path forward' home. This resonated and the voters of California connected with his social conservatism. Seymour, however, came up short in the Midwest due to a lack of connection with voters there. Specifically, states such as Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin all went for John White due to his ability to better connect with blue-collar voters whereas Seymour did better with upper and middle-class suburbanites. This was largely attributed to the White campaign running an effective messaging effort targeting unionized workers while attacking the record of Seymour. This was effective because Seymour had made his record a prominent part of his own campaign as well, running on the promise of continuing his success from his time in Congress. It wasn't the White campaign which caused Seymour to conceded the race at the end of the night, though, it was the campaigns of Ari Goodman and Thomas Blackstone. Both rank-and-file Democrats, Goodman left the primary early after his campaign was rocked by a plagiarism scandal. Blackstone disappeared from the campaign trail for months and then came back to endorse White. However, Blackstone still managed to pick up some delegates despite his lack of presence on the trail early on -- leaning on support he gained from his performance in Iowa and New Hampshire. The lowered threshold for candidates to receive delegates to 10%, as was notably pointed out earlier this year, enabled Blackstone to rely on just a small amount of supporters to pick up some delegates. Overall, Blackstone only picked up 99 delegates. This still was enough to make him the kingmaker in an extremely tight election. The Democratic primaries began with tension toward Seymour and ended with it. At one point on the debate stage in Iowa, days before the primary, Blackstone, White, and Goodman all lobbed attacks at Seymour. In these last primary states, all three unified once again and held rallies across the states with the largest delegates. It was a convincing sight that Democrats were unifying behind White. After all, at one point both held major support in the primaries, despite their later faults. This alliance ended up not only benefitting White but ultimately putting him over the edge to become the presumptive nominee for the Democratic Party in 1988. This begs the question, however, if Seymour supporters are going to leave the primary with a bitter taste in their mouths. Former Democratic strategist Whitney Vance said the onus will likely be on Seymour himself to make sure that doesn't happen. "We saw Seymour note that he isn't going anywhere and that this campaign was won through an alliance in his concession statement," Vance said, "it will be interesting to see what kind of part he plays in the campaign." The Democratic National Convention will likely be the spot where Democrats aim to unify the party and shore up support. White will perhaps have even more pressure than Anderson Kaine to unify the party, despite Republicans having an especially tense primary. "White is going to need to speak to Seymour supporters and to unify all factions of the Democratic Party in order to win this election," Vance said. While the GOP primary ended similarly, it was Kaine's dominant performances on Super Tuesday and in later primaries which lead to his opponents dropping out of the race. Seymour, on the other hand, still technically holds more delegates than White -- at least before the convention floor vote. Abe Saroyan poses for Time Magazine (TIME) Kaine Chooses Abe Saroyan As Running Mate (Billings) - It's Kaine/Saroyan '88 -- the announcement was made only days following the end of the Republican primaries after Congressman Saroyan was the first to announce he would be suspending his campaign and endorsing Anderson Kaine. Kaine and Saroyan are quite different ideologically, at least in some areas. Kaine is opposed to the death penalty, Saroyan supports it adamantly. Kaine is reverently supportive of legislation such as the Defense of Marriage Act, yet Saroyan voted against the bill in Congress. Saroyan acknowledged this, saying that he and Kaine "don't agree on everything" and "come from very different backgrounds" but added that he'd "have it no other way." Kaine emphasized it was their mutual respect of one another that would ultimately allow them to share a working relationship in the White House. The announcement of Saroyan was the Vice Presidential nominee wasn't exactly shocking. Saroyan did position himself as leaning more moderate in some areas and is seen as an easy contrast to the hard social conservatism of Kaine. "Saroyan said he didn't believe it was worth considering one's position on Roe v. Wade in a court appointment, he said he opposed 'sin taxes', and I'm sure we'll see where he stands on school prayer," Washington Post political analyst Jacob Olliver said, "all of these issues allow him to campaign to different segments of the population than Kaine." Some seemed to believe that Congressman Michael Marshall or even Kyle Fitzgerald would be considered for the position of Vice President, especially those who were supporters of their respective campaigns. Analysts, however, doubted their prospects. "Marshall was far too ideologically in line with Kaine," Olliver said, noting that the two were fighting for the support of evangelicals throughout the entire primary. Fitzgerald, however, was doubted on the basis of the fact that the two candidates began to rely on quite nasty attacks toward the end of the primaries. "Fitzgerald essentially said Kaine would left criminals off easy and Kaine said Fitzgerald would destroy state economies through his trade policies," Republican strategist Sarah Feldman said, "I'm not sure much love is lost there." On the other hand, Fitzgerald does hail from the state of Texas, but some casted doubts on his strength in the state following Kaine pulling out an upset during the primary. "I assume the Kaine campaign is assuming they don't need Fitzgerald to win Texas," one former Fitzgerald aide said anonymously. The selection of Saroyan certainly isn't for demographical reasons. The state of Montana only carries 4 electoral votes and has voted Republican since 1968. "To sum it up, Saroyan already has some name recognition and he contrasts nicely with Kaine," Olliver emphasized, "it's a safe choice and we'll have to wait and see whether it helps consolidate some undecided Republicans who aren't so comfortable with some of Kaine's policies."
  8. General Election Structure Infrastructure Investments Advertisement Investments Press Management Penalties/Time Management/Notes
  9. Background Fundraising - $18,000,000
  10. Ollie

    Fundraisers for John White

    Background Fundraising - $15,000,0000
  11. Ollie

    Game Mechanics

    AP resets for the GENERAL ELECTION ROUNDS which were announced as beginning December 7th.
  12. Washington Post Election Coverage 1988 ISSUE #7 FRONT PAGE  Kaine pictured speaking in New York (Associated Press) KAINE PRESUMPTIVE NOMINEE; WHITE AND SEYMOUR CONTINUE CLOSE RACE ALASKA DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY RESULTS (17 Delegates) SEYMOUR – 50.8% (12 delegates) ✓ WHITE – 42.2% (7 delegates) BLACKSTONE – 5.3% COLORADO DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY (55 Delegates) WHITE – 48.4% (20 delegates) ✓ SEYMOUR – 46.3% (16 delegates) BLACKSTONE – 2.3% CONNECTICUT DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY (62 Delegates) WHITE – 53.4% (38 delegates) ✓ SEYMOUR – 41.1% (25 delegates) BLACKSTONE – 4.7% ILLINOIS DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY (173 Delegates) SEYMOUR – 49.9% (92 delegates) ✓ WHITE – 47.3% (81 delegates) BLACKSTONE – 1.5% INDIANA DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY (83 Delegates) SEYMOUR – 55.5% (49 delegates) ✓ WHITE – 41.3% (34 delegates) BLACKSTONE – 1.1% KANSAS DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY (45 Delegates) SEYMOUR – 58.4% (38 delegates) ✓ WHITE – 39.1% (17 delegates) BLACKSTONE – 1.4% MICHIGAN DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY (138 Delegates) WHITE – 49.5% (73 delegates) ✓ SEYMOUR – 47.1% (65 delegates) BLACKSTONE – 3.3% MONTANA DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY (24 Delegates) SEYMOUR – 63.3% (16 delegates) ✓ WHITE – 33.4% (8 delegates) BLACKSTONE – 2.9% NEBRASKA DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY (25 Delegates) SEYMOUR – 54.4% (15 delegates) ✓ WHITE – 42.1% (10 delegates) BLACKSTONE – 1.8% NEW MEXICO DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY (24 Delegates) SEYMOUR – 48.9% (13 delegates) ✓ WHITE – 45.4% (11 delegates) BLACKSTONE – 4.1% NEW YORK DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY (255 Delegates) WHITE – 49.1% (140 delegates) ✓ SEYMOUR – 45.4% (115 delegates) BLACKSTONE – 1.0% OREGON DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY (45 Delegates) WHITE – 51.9% (25 delegates) ✓ SEYMOUR – 45.3% (20 delegates) BLACKSTONE – 2.4% SOUTH CAROLINA REPUBLICAN PRIMARY RESULTS (37 Delegates) SEYMOUR – 57.4% (21 delegates) ✓ WHITE – 40.5% (16 delegates) BLACKSTONE – 1.1% WASHINGTON D.C. DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY (24 Delegates) WHITE – 54.7% (14 delegates) ✓ SEYMOUR – 43.1% (10 delegates) BLACKSTONE – 1.2% WEST VIRGINIA DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY (37 Delegates) SEYMOUR – 65.1% (25 delegates) ✓ WHITE – 33.2% (12 delegates) BLACKSTONE – 0.7% LATE PRIMARY TOTALS Seymour – 532 Delegates White – 506 Delegates Blackstone – 0 Delegates TOTALS AFTER LATE PRIMARIES Seymour – 1258 Delegates White – 1212 Delegates* *White delegates DO NOT count Goodman/Blackstone delegates STATES WON Seymour – Alaska, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, West Virginia White – Colorado, Connecticut, Michigan, New York, Oregon, D.C. ____________________________________________________________________________ ALASKA REPUBLICAN PRIMARY RESULTS (19 Delegates) KAINE – 40.4% (12 delegates) ✓ FITZGERALD – 23.4% (4 delegates) SAROYAN – 19.9% (3 delegates) MARSHALL – 14.1% COLORADO REPUBLICAN PRIMARY RESULTS (36 Delegates) KAINE – 34.4% (17 delegates) ✓ FITZGERALD – 30.1% (11 delegates) MARSHALL – 23.4% (8 delegates) SAROYAN – 11.1% CONNECTICUT REPUBLICAN PRIMARY RESULTS (35 Delegates) FITZGERALD – 34.4% (15 delegates) ✓ SAROYAN – 32.5% (11 delegates) KAINE – 26.5% (9 delegates) MARSHALL – 4.2% ILLINOIS REPUBLICAN PRIMARY RESULTS (92 Delegates) KAINE – 38.4% (50 delegates) ✓ FITZGERALD – 29.1% (27 delegates) SAROYAN – 17.8% (15 delegates) MARSHALL – 12.7% INDIANA REPUBLICAN PRIMARY RESULTS (51 Delegates) KAINE – 37.4% (26 delegates) ✓ FITZGERALD – 32.1% (16 delegates) MARSHALL – 18.7% (9 delegates) SAROYAN – 9.2% KANSAS REPUBLICAN PRIMARY RESULTS (34 Delegates) KAINE – 38.9% (18 delegates) ✓ FITZGERALD – 27.4% (9 delegates) MARSHALL – 21.1% (7 delegates) SAROYAN – 9.3% MICHIGAN REPUBLICAN PRIMARY RESULTS (77 Delegates) FITZGERALD – 35.4% (41 delegates) ✓ KAINE – 29.9% (22 delegates) SAROYAN – 19.7% (14 delegates) MARSHALL – 13.2% MONTANA REPUBLICAN PRIMARY RESULTS (20 Delegates) SAROYAN – 33.2% (8 delegates) ✓ KAINE – 27.5% (5 delegates) FITZGERALD – 22.1% (4 delegates) MARSHALL – 15.7% (3 delegates) NEBRASKA REPUBLICAN PRIMARY RESULTS (20 Delegates) KAINE – 43.3% (13 delegates) ✓ SAROYAN – 22.4% (4 delegates) FITZGERALD – 19.1% (3 delegates) MARSHALL – 13.3% NEW MEXICO REPUBLICAN PRIMARY RESULTS (26 Delegates) FITZGERALD – 34.4% (15 delegates) ✓ KAINE – 32.8% (7 delegates) MARSHALL – 23.4% (4 delegates) SAROYAN – 8.1% NEW YORK REPUBLICAN PRIMARY RESULTS (136 Delegates) KAINE – 36.4% (64 delegates) ✓ FITZGERALD – 33.1% (45 delegates) SAROYAN – 20.5% (27 delegates) MARSHALL – 7.9% OREGON REPUBLICAN PRIMARY RESULTS (32 Delegates) KAINE – 33.4% (15 delegates) ✓ FITZGERALD – 31.9% (10 delegates) SAROYAN – 24.4% (7 delegates) MARSHALL – 9.2% SOUTH CAROLINA REPUBLICAN PRIMARY RESULTS (37 Delegates) KAINE – 33.1% (16 delegates) ✓ MARSHALL – 32.6% (12 delegates) FITZGERALD – 24.2% (9 delegates) SAROYAN – 8.4% WASHINGTON D.C. REPUBLICAN PRIMARY RESULTS (14 Delegates) FITZGERALD – 35.2% (7 delegates) ✓ KAINE – 33.5% (4 delegates) SAROYAN – 21.4% (3 delegates) MARSHALL – 8.7% WEST VIRGINIA REPUBLICAN PRIMARY RESULTS (28 Delegates) KAINE – 43.7% (17 delegates) ✓ FITZGERALD – 23.4% (6 delegates) MARSHALL – 20.2% (5 delegates) SAROYAN – 11.6% LATE PRIMARY TOTALS Kaine – 295 Fitzgerald – 222 Saroyan – 92 Marshall – 48 TOTALS AFTER LATER PRIMARIES Kaine – 677 Fitzgerald – 508 Marshall – 293 Saroyan – 198 STATES WON Kaine – Alaska, Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Nebraska, New York, Oregon, South Carolina, West Virginia Fitzgerald – Connecticut, Michigan, New Mexico, D.C. Saroyan – Montana John White and Douglas Seymour pictured at CNN Iowa debate (CNN) White Takes Lead Nationally, Eyes Shift to California NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY White - 47% Seymour - 44% ARIZONA DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY Seymour - 46% White - 40% CALIFORNIA DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY Seymour - 45% White - 43% DELAWARE DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY White - 47% Seymour - 42% NEW JERSEY DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY White - 47% Seymour - 44% NORTH DAKOTA DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY Seymour - 52% White - 40% OHIO DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY Seymour - 46% White - 41% PENNSYLVANIA DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY White - 45% Seymour - 40% UTAH DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY Seymour - 49% White - 39% WISCONSIN DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY White - 46% Seymour - 42%
  13. Ollie

    Administrative Announcements

    The account 'PapaSmurph' has been permanently banned, as the account belongs to former member 'Shiggy' who was permanently banned from VGS for Terms of Service violations.
  14. Ollie

    1988 Election Announcements

    Since I’ve been getting a lot of urgent convention questions, and it seems to be a popular opinion parties need more time, I am going to extend the final round of primaries to TOMORROW (December 4th) and conventions will now be due on December 6th, with the General Election officially beginning December 7th. This also gives us a little separation between the final primaries ending and the convention itself. Thanks for understanding and sorry for any inconvenience. After this extension, everything should be right on track and everyone should have enough time to prepare.
  15. Ollie

    1988 Election Announcements

    I'm going to go ahead and extend the deadline for tonights primaries to tomorrow. This means the following primaries will be due DECEMBER 3RD, 11:59PM EST: ND, AZ, DE, UT, CA, NJ, OH, PA, WI. The results will also be announced together. This allows me to get polling out and candidates time to review polling/analysis as well. Sorry about any inconvenience this might cause!

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